Events

Center hosts webinar titled “The CISG’s Impact on International Commercial Law”

To mark the 40th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), NYU’s Center for Transnational Litigation, Arbitration, and Commercial Law and UNCITRAL, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, are hosting a series of webinars to both assess the CISG’s impact over the last 40 years.

This webinar will analyze the CISG’s relationship with other instrument relevant in the international commercial law context, in light also of the recent finalisation of the HCCH – UNCITRAL – Unidroit Legal Guide to Uniform Legal Instruments in the Area of International Commercial Contracts (with a focus on sales). The webinar will be held on 15 September 2020, 7:15 am – 8:30 am (New York time).

Panelists include Francesca Ragno, Giuditta Cordero-Moss, and Marco Torsello.

The panel is moderated by Franco Ferrari and Luca Castellani. 

To attend, please submit the webinar registration here.

Center hosts webinar titled “The CISG’s Impact on National Legal Systems”

To mark the 40th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), NYU’s Center for Transnational Litigation, Arbitration, and Commercial Law and UNCITRAL, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, are hosting a series of webinars to both assess the CISG’s impact over the last 40 years and to identify questions that are still open.

This webinar will analyze to what extent the CISG’s has had an impact on national legal systems. The webinar will be held on 11 September, from 7:15 am-9:00 am (New York Time).

Panelists include Lisa Spagnolo, Stefan Kröll, Gustavo Cerqueira, Peter Arnt Nielsen, and Clayton P. Gillette.

The panel is moderated by Franco Ferrari and Luca Castellani. 

To attend, please submit the webinar registration here.

Center hosts webinar titled “Transparency in International Arbitration: Publication of arbitral awards versus data protection”

The Center hosts, together with FGV Law, a webinar on “Transparency in International Arbitration: Publication of arbitral awards versus data protection” on September 24, 2020 at 12:45 PM to 2:15 PM ET (New York Time).

In recent years, many arbitral institutions across the world have been adopting new rules regarding, on one hand, the publication of arbitral awards and, on the other hand, data protection. Such topics are commonly intertwined and relate to a new era of transparency in international arbitration. To some extent, the call for more transparency in international arbitration may find limits and constraints in the regulation of data protection across countries. The issue of applicable law to data protection may also play a major role and limit the new policies put in place by arbitral institutions. A single arbitration may be subject to data protection laws from different countries, with different standards and requirements. Is there a role to be played by soft law? This panel will focus on this ongoing debate, with particular attention to the perspective of the arbitral institutions.

Panelists include Eleonora Coelho, Christian Leathley, Daniel Levy, and Anna Katharina Scheffer da Silveira. The panel is moderated by Franco Ferrari.  

To attend, please submit the webinar registration here.

Center hosts webinar titled “The Applicable Law to the Merits in International Arbitration and the Role of the Seat: Hardship, force majeure, and frustration”

The Center hosts, together with FGV Law, a webinar on “The Applicable Law to the Merits in International Arbitration and the Role of the Seat: Hardship, force majeure, and frustration” on September 16, 2020 at 12:45 PM to 2:15 PM ET (New York Time).

The idea that arbitrators would be bound by the law of the seat with respect to the merits of the case is no longer prevailing in international arbitration. For the past few decades, it has been well settled that international arbitrators have no lex fori and, within an autonomous conflict rules standpoint, enjoy relative discretion to determine the applicable law (respecting parties’ choice, if any) and finally decide on the merits of the arbitration, with fewer restrictions or limitations than courts. In the era after the COVID-10 pandemic, topics relating to the law applicable to the merits pose new challenges with respect to some specific legal grounds, such as hardship, force majeure, and frustration used to justify non-compliance with contractual obligations. More than ever, the parties’ choice and arbitrators’ determination of the applicable law to the merits will play a major role in defining the outcome of the dispute, as national laws differ significantly on such topics. The requirements and thresholds to avoid a specific obligation or even the contract in its entirety under such legal grounds are rather different depending on the applicable law. Absent parties’ choice, the arbitrators’ determination of the applicable law will also play a major role in determining the outcome of the arbitration. This panel will provide an overview on these new challenges and try to tackle some of the questions that may arise.

Panelists include Giuditta Cordero-Moss, Andre Abbud, Niccolò Landi, and Marco Torsello. The panel is moderated by Franco Ferrari.  

To attend, please submit the webinar registration here.

Center hosts webinar titled “International versus Domestic Standards Under the New York Convention: Due process and public policy limitations for the production of evidence in online arbitrations”

The Center hosts, together with FGV Law, a webinar on “International versus Domestic Standards Under the New York Convention: Due process and public policy limitations for the production of evidence in online arbitrations” on September 10, 2020 at 12:45 PM to 2:00 PM ET (New York Time).

Parties frequently invoke due process violations in order to resist recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards under the New York Convention. While the New York Convention does not expressly use the term “due process,” various grounds for refusal of recognition and enforcement can be seen as a manifestation of due process protections. Most importantly, Article V (1) lit. b of the New York Convention allows for refusal of recognition and enforcement if a party was unable to present its case. Article V (1) lit. d of the New York Convention offers a ground for refusal of recognition and enforcement if the proceedings were not in line with the parties’ agreement or, failing such agreement, the law of the seat. And under Article V (2) lit. b of the New York Convention, a court can refuse to recognize and enforce an arbitral award if enforcement would be contrary to the public policy of the State where recognition and enforcement are sought.

Among other fields of application, these due process limitations are particularly important for the taking of evidence. In this respect, new challenges have arisen in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Arbitrators, parties, and arbitral institutions have been confronted with intricate questions as to whether and how the taking of evidence can occur online, without any physical meeting. Are arbitrators entitled to schedule a video hearing, even against the will of one of the parties? How do due process guarantees limit the conduct of such hearings? This panel will address these questions. After a discussion of the applicable normative framework, panelists will discuss best practices with respect to the taking of evidence in online arbitrations.

Panelists include Rafael Alves, Yasmine Lahlou, and Friedrich Rosenfeld. The panel is moderated by Franco Ferrari.  

To attend, please submit the webinar registration here.

Center hosts webinar titled “Coronavirus and Exemption of Liability”

The Center hosts, together with the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC) and NYIAC, a webinar on the “Coronavirus and Exemption of Liability” on Friday, June 5, 2020 at 8:00 AM to 9:15 AM ET (New York Time).

COVID-19 has caused severe disruptions to international transactions and projects and has led many to seek relief from their contractual obligations. The webinar will address the following issues: Do international instruments such as the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts and the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) provide relief for parties affected by COVID-19?

Force majeure certificates have been requested by parties affected by COVID-19 and issued by chambers of commerce in various countries. Do such certificates have any value in an arbitral proceeding?

How are the principles of force majeure and economic hardship treated under various legal systems and under public international law?

Panelists include Ms. Chiann Bao, Mr. Nigel Blackaby QC, Professor Franco Ferrari, and Dr. Jean Ho. The panel is moderated by Ms. Lucy Reed.

To attend, please submit the webinar registration information here.

Center co-hosts webinar on “Arbitration online: law and practice”

The Center hosts, in conjunction with the Commercial Law Centre at Harris Manchester College, Oxford, the Centre for International Dispute Resolution at Bucerius Law School, the National University of Singapore, and the Centre for Commercial Law Studies at Queen Mary University of London a webinar entitled “Arbitration online: law and practice”. The event will take place on 20 May 2020, from 7.00 am. – 9.00 am (NY time).

The event will address the question of whether arbitration can ‘go online’ while preserving its promise of reliable and enforceable results. In this online event international arbitration scholars and practitioners will discuss the most important legal challenges and best practice responses associated with the delivery of arbitration online in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond. The event will address, among other issues, the validity and enforceability of the arbitral award; the right to be heard and ordre public: online hearings as “hearings” in legal terms; how to assure consent of the parties to online proceedings; the arbitral tribunals’ powers to order online hearings absent party consent; specific online “guerrilla tactics” and possible sanctions; the taking evidence online; best online practices to safeguard the arbitration procedure and the award.

You can register here: https://law-oxford.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_8MEHAFyZQImzXj1muaGrZQ

Please note that the event will be recorded and proceedings may be made publicly available after the event. By registering you consent to this.

NYU-SIAC webinar on “CISG in International Arbitration” posted for viewing

On 8 May 2020, the Center hosted, together with the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC), a webinar on the “CISG in International Arbitration.” The seminar took stock of the impact of CISG on international arbitration on the occasion of the Convention’s 40th anniversary. The panelists examined how CISG applies in arbitration and how that differs from CISG’s application in courts, how economic hardship is treated under CISG, how arbitral awards have applied the substantive provisions of CISG, as well as CISG issues in setting aside applications before the Singapore courts.

The webinar was recorded to allow those unable to take part in the seminar to benefit from the talks by the panelists (Justice Francesco Cortesi from the Italian Supreme Court; Professor Gary F. Bell, National University of Singapore; Professor Franco Ferrari, the Center’s Director;  Professor Friedrich Rosenfeld, Global Professor at NYU/Paris; Professor Marco Torsello, Verona University; Mr. Alvin Yeo, Chairman & Senior Partner of WongPartnership LLP in Singapore) and the ensuing discussion. The recording is available here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nmtNzBk4cfM

Center hosts webinar titled “CISG in International Arbitration”

The Center hosts, together with the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC), a webinar on the “CISG in International Arbitration.” 


On the 40th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), SIAC and NYU Law jointly present a webinar to take stock of the impact of CISG on international arbitration. The panelists will examine how CISG applies in arbitration and how that differs from CISG’s application in courts, how economic hardship is treated under CISG, how arbitral awards have applied the substantive provisions of CISG, as well as CISG issues in setting aside applications before the Singapore courts.


The panelists are Prof. Gary F. Bell, Justice Franco Cortesi, Prof. Franco Ferrari, Dr. Friedrich Rosenfeld, Prof. Marco Torsello, and Mr. Alvin Yeo. The event will be moderated by Mr. Piyush Prasad. 

To attend, please submit the webinar registration information here.

Webinar - May 8

Center hosts a conference entitled “The IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration”

On Tuesday, February 4th, 2020 (from 6.00 – 8.00 pm, in the Lester Pollack Colloquium Room, Furman Hall 900, 245 Sullivan Street, New York, NY 10012), the Center for Transnational Litigation, Arbitration, and Commercial Law will host a conference on the occasion of which the book authored by Roman Khodykin & Carol Mulcahy, “A Guide to the IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence”,  Consultant Editor Nicholas Fletcher QC (Oxford University Press, 2019) will be discussed.

It is a great pleasure to be able to announce that Dirk De Meulemeester and Friedrich Rosenfeld will comment on the aforementioned book and that the co-authors Carol Mulcahy and Roman Khodykin will be present and respond to the comments.

Carol Mulcahy is a partner in the International Arbitration department of law firm Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP. She has over 30 years of experience of dealing with commercial disputes in relation to a wide variety of transactions and industry sectors including disputes relating to joint ventures, energy projects, oil-trading, shareholder disputes and outsourcing agreements. Her arbitration practice includes proceedings under LCIA, SIAC, ICC and UNCITRAL rules, and with a variety of seats.  Carol is a Chartered Arbitrator and, in addition to her work as counsel, she sits as arbitrator in arbitrations conducted under the LCIA Rules. Carol also writes regularly for publications on a variety of topics related to international arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution. 

Roman Khodykin is a Partner at Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP, and a Visiting Professor at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies at Queen Mary University of London. Roman is a dual qualified solicitor of the Senior Courts of England and Wales and a Russian advocate. He holds a PhD in Conflict of Laws. Between 2015 and 2018 Roman was an alternate member for Russia of the ICC International Court of Arbitration. In recent years Roman has acted in ICSID, LCIA, ICC, AAA and MKAS arbitrations. Roman also represented athletes before the Ad Hoc Division of the Court of Arbitration for Sport. In addition to his work as counsel he has sat as an arbitrator under the LCIA, SCC and  ICC Rules.  Roman is ranked as one of Who’s Who Legal’s Future Leaders 2018 in International Arbitration.  He is also named as Lawyer of the Year for work in International Arbitration in The Best Lawyers™ in Russia.

Dirk De Meulemeester is a partner at DMDB Law, a boutique law firm in Brussels and President of the Belgian Center for Arbitration and Mediation (CEPANI). He is a professor at the University of Gent and a visiting professor at the University of Leiden. He is a member of the Bar of Brussels and Paris (till 2017). Practicing dispute resolution for over 20 years, in both national and international commercial arbitration. Acting as counsel or arbitrator (co-arbitrator, sole arbitrator or presiding arbitrator) in over sixty arbitration proceedings, administered (incl. ICC, Swiss Rules, ICSID, PCA, CEPANI, WIPO, NAI) and ad hoc, governed by various procedural and substantive laws, both civil law and common law, and by international law. Extensive experience in Mediation, Mini-Trial, MedArb. Areas of specialization include joint venture, share purchase, M&A, sales, agency, distribution, IT, construction, energy, the pharmaceutical sector and investment arbitration.

Friedrich Rosenfeld is a partner at the arbitration boutique Hanefeld in Hamburg, Germany. Apart from his work as counsel in international arbitrations, Friedrich frequently sits as arbitrator. He has acted as president, co-arbitrator and sole arbitrator in arbitrations seated in Austria, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Israel, Switzerland and the United States. During this coming semester, Friedrich will teach international commercial arbitration at NYU School of Law as Global Hauser Professor from Practice. He is also a Visiting Professor at the International Hellenic University in Thessaloniki and a Lecturer at Bucerius Law School in Hamburg. Friedrich has published in leading journals on international arbitration. Most recently, he has co-edited and authored the book entitled “Inherent Powers in International Arbitration” (Juris, 2019).

There is no need to register for the event. Seats will be assigned on a first-come-first-served basis.

The Chatham House rule applies.

Center hosts conference on “CISG in International Arbitration”

The Center hosts, together with the International Centre for Dispute Resolution (ICDR) – the international branch of the American Arbitration Association (AAA), a conference on the “CISG in International Arbitration”. The CISG’s 40th anniversary seems an appropriate occasion to analyze some issues which are still generating controversy, such as the CISG’s applicability in international arbitration, the battle of the forms, the remedies available in case of fundamental breach of contract, as well as whether the CISG covers economic hardship. The event will take place on February 3, 2020, at NYU School of Law’s Furman Hall, 245 Sullivan St., Lester Pollack Colloquium Room, 9th floor, from 3:30-7:30 pm.

The event’s speakers are Prof. Kevin Davis (NYU), Prof. Clayton P. Gillette (NYU), Dr. Friedrich Rosenfeld (Visiting Professor, NYU), Prof. Marco Torsello (Verona University),  and Gretta Walters (Chaffetz Lindsey LLP, New York). The event will be moderated by Mr. Rafael Carmona (ICDR) and Prof. Franco Ferrari, the Center’s Director.

Micula vs Achmea = Investment Law vs EU Law?

The Center is pleased to announce a seminar entitled “Micula vs Achmea = Investment Law vs EU Law?”. The event will take place on Wednesday, October 16, 2019, from 6:00 PM to 8:00 PM, in the Lester Pollack Colloquium Room, Furman Hall 900 (245 Sullivan Street, New York, NY 10012).

It is a great pleasure to be able to announce that Ms. Nathalie Colin, Mr. Alexandre Hublet and Kevin D. Benish agreed to present their views on different aspects of the relationship between EU and Investment Law.

Nathalie Colin is a partner and the head of the Disputes practice of the Brussels office of White & Case. Nathalie has been a commercial litigator since 1994, and has extensive experience of cross-border and domestic litigation, arbitration and white collar/investigations. In the field of arbitration, Nathalie acts as counsel and arbitrator, and was recently appointed President of a CEPANI arbitral tribunal. Nathalie obtained a landmark decision from the Brussels Court of Appeal in 2016 in an important precedent for enforcement of foreign arbitral awards under Belgian law.  She regularly publishes articles and is a speaker at conferences on international arbitration matters. Since June 2019, she has been a member of the Board of Directors of the CEPANI.  Nathalie is currently working on the Belgian enforcement efforts in the Micula case.

Alexandre Hublet is an associate at the Brussels office of White & Case .We represents domestic and foreign clients in litigation, arbitration and white collar/investigations. Alexandre was recently appointed sole arbitrator by the CEPANI, and often acts as secretary of arbitral tribunals. Alexandre is a teaching assistant in international private law at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. He is a regular speaker at conferences and has also authored various publications on international arbitration. He holds an LLM degreed from NYU, where he specialized in international arbitration. He is admitted to the New York bar. Like Nathalie, Alexandre is currently working on the Belgian enforcement efforts in the Micula case

Kevin D. Benish is an associate at Holwell Shuster & Goldberg LLP, were he represents domestic and international clients in matters involving transnational litigation, arbitration, and matters of constitutional law. He is also an adjunct professor at the New York University School of Law, where he co teaches International Litigation and Arbitration with Professor Linda Silberman. As an experienced litigator, Kevin has advised clients on judgment- and award-enforcement matters under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act and the ICSID Convention, and is regularly involved in U.S. proceedings in aid of foreign litigation and arbitrations. In addition to his practice, Kevin is a frequent author and commentator on topics related to transnational litigation, civil procedure, conflict of laws, and comparative law. Recently, he was an External Scientific Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Procedural Law in Luxembourg.

Please note that the Chatham House rule applies.

Due Process Conference in International Arbitration

The Center is pleased to announce a conference entitled “Due Process in International Arbitration.” The event will take place on Friday, October 18, 2019, from 8:30 AM to 6:15 PM, in the Lester Pollack Colloquium Room, Furman Hall 900 (245 Sullivan Street, New York, NY 10012).

This event will discuss the topics addressed in the national reports drafted on the basis of a questionnaire prepared by Professors Franco Ferrari, Dietmar Czernich, and Friedrich Rosenfeld. The ultimate goal behind the national reports and the discussion that will take place at the conference is to provide the background information for those involved in litigation as to the decision courts may take.

Facebook’s Libra in the context of international transactions and the CISG

This is to announce this academic year’s first session of the Forum of the Center for Transnational Litigation, Arbitration, and Commercial Law, entitled “Facebook’s Libra in the context on international transactions and the CISG”. The event will take place on Monday, September 23rd, 6.00 – 8.00 pm, in the Lester Pollack Colloquium Room, Furman Hall 900 (245 Sullivan Street, New York, NY 10012).

It is a great pleasure to be able to announce that on the occasion of that session, Prof. Sebastian Omlor will give a talk on the aforementioned topic.

Sebastian Omlor, who holds an LL.M. degree from NYU, an s.j.d. and an LL.M. degree from Saarland University in Germany, is full professor and Director of the Institute for Comparative Law at Marburg University in Germany. At Marburg University, he holds the chair for private law, commercial and business law, banking law and comparative law. His research also focuses on banking and company law, the law of payment and financial services, the law of digitalisation, and the legal concept of money. As a legal expert, he advised, inter alia, the German parliament (Bundestag) and the German Federal Ministry of Finance.

Center hosts conference of costs and damages in international arbitration in Vienna

The Center, together with Bucerius Law School and McGill University, will hold a conference entitled “Costs and damages in international arbitration”. The conference will address the most disparate issues, including how hermeneutics misshape reasoning and lead to increased costs, how to improve trust and transparency in arbitrator time reporting, and how costs are being allocated in international arbitration. The conference will take place on April 12, 2019, from 9.30 am to 4.30 pm, in the  Juridicum, Room U18, University of Vienna, Schottenbastei 10-16, 1010 Vienna. The event is graciously hosted by the University of Vienna just prior to the commencement of the 26th annual Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot. For the detailed program, please click here

Force majeure and economic hardship under the CISG

This is to announce the October 2018 session of the Forum of the Center for Transnational Litigation, which will take place on Monday, October 29th, 2018, from 6.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m., in the Lester Pollack Colloquium Room, Furman Hall 900 (245 Sullivan Street, New York, NY 10012). On the occasion of this session of the Forum, Professor Yeşim Atamer, a full professor of Civil Law and Comparative Civil Law at Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey, will examine the requirements for a party not to be liable for failure to perform under CISG’s Article 79. NYU Professors Clayton Gillette and Franco Ferrari will comment on Professor Atamer’s presentation and will discuss whether the CISG addresses economic hardship, an issue that if one often to be addressed by arbitral tribunals charged with deciding disputes arising out of long-term sales agreements impacted by the financial crisis.

Center hosts conference on “The Application of the New York Convention in Latin America”

On 13 September 2018, the Center will host a conference entitled “The Application of the New York Convention in Latin America: Domestic versus International Standards” on the occasion of which practitioners and academics will discuss whether courts in Latin American have interpreted the New York Convention in light of domestic law or international standards. The speakers will discuss why the answer to the question is relevant in practice. For the full program, please click here.

Center co-hosts arbitration seminar at Sciences-Po in Paris

The Center hosts, together with Sciences-Po, a seminar on “how do arbitrators decide” that is to take place on 30 May 2016, from 4.30-6.30 pm. The event’s main speaker will be Eduardo Silva Romero (Dechert Paris), while Prof. Fabien Gélinas (McGill University), Prof. Pierre Mayer (University Paris 1), Ms. Isabelle Michou (Herbert Smith Freehills Paris) and Prof. Franco Ferrari (the Center’s Director)  will act as commentators. The event will be moderated by Prof. Diego Arroyo (Sciences-Po). For more info, click here

Personal Jurisdiction and Forum Non Conveniens: Are the Two Shores of the Atlantic Getting Closer?

This is to announce this March’s session of the Forum of the Center for Transnational Litigation, Arbitration and Commercial Law, entitled “Personal Jurisdiction and Forum Non Conveniens: Are the Two Shores of the Atlantic Getting Closer?” The event will take place on Monday, 28 March 2016, from 6.00 – 8.00 pm, in the Lester Pollack Colloquium Room, Furman Hall 900 (245 Sullivan Street, New York, NY 10012).

It is a great pleasure to be able to announce that on the occasion of that session, Professor Andrea Bonomi will give a talk on the aforementioned topic and both Professors Linda J. Silberman and Franco Ferrari will comment.

Andrea Bonomi, who received his LL.B from Padua University, holds two Ph.d. degrees (one from Innsbruck University and one from Bologna University), is Professor of Comparative Law and Private International Law at the Faculty of Law and Criminal Justice of Lausanne University (since 2002). Since 2006, Andrea Bonomi is also the Director of the Centre for Comparative, European and International Law at Lausanne University. Andrea Bonomi, who is a former Member of the Swiss delegation at the Hague Conference of Private International Law and the Rapporteur of the Hague Protocol on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations of 23 November 2007, is a Member of the European Group of Private International Law (GEDIP), an Associate Member of the International Academy of Comparative Law, and a member of several other professional associations. He is a prolific author and is currently also the Editor of the Yearbook of Private International Law.

Linda J. Silberman is the Martin Lipton Professor of Law at New York University and Co-Director of the Center. She is a leading figure in the United States in private international law and transnational litigation, and her academic and scholarly interests range from numerous areas of commercial law to personal and family matters. At NYU, Professor Silberman teaches a range of courses, including Civil Procedure, Comparative Procedure, Conflict of Laws, International Litigation/Arbitration and International Commercial Arbitration. She is co-author of an important Civil Procedure casebook (now in its 3rd edition) and of a recent book on Comparative Civil Procedure. She was the co-Reporter for the American Law Institute Project–Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments: Analysis and Proposed Federal Statute, and an adviser to two other American Law Institute projects: Intellectual Property: Principles Governing Jurisdiction, Choice of Law and Judgments in Transnational Disputes and the Restatement Third on International Commercial Arbitration. Professor Silberman is also a Member of the State Department’s Advisory Committee on Private International Law and has been a member of numerous U.S. State Department delegations to the Hague Conference. Professor Silberman combines her scholarship and academic work with other roles, such as special referee, expert witness and consultant in a number of important cases. Her work was cited by the Supreme Court of the United States on several occasions.

Franco Ferrari, who joined NYU on a full-time basis in September 2010, after serving as visiting professor for various years, is also chaired professor of international law at Verona University School of Law in Italy. Previously, he was chaired professor of comparative law at Tilburg University in the Netherlands and Bologna University in Italy. After serving as member of the Italian Delegation to various sessions of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) from 1995 to 2000, he served as Legal Officer at the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs, International Trade Law Branch (2000-2002), with responsibility for numerous projects, including the preparation of the UNCITRAL Digest on Applications of the UN Sales Convention (2004 edition). Professor Ferrari has published more than 270 law review articles in various languages and 17 books in the areas of international commercial law, conflict of laws, comparative law and international commercial arbitration. Professor Ferrari is a member of the editorial board of various peer reviewed European law journals (Internationales Handelsrecht, European Review of Private Law, Contratto e impresa, Contratto e impresa/Europa, Revue de droit des affaires internationales). Professor Ferrari also acts as arbitrator both in international commercial arbitration’s and investment arbitration’s.

Please note that the Chatham House rule applies.